Themes for the LCA group.
Theme 1: Built environment
Existing residential, commercial and institutional buildings use significant quantities of energy, which contributes to a significant proportion of Australia’s environmental impacts. LCA forms the basis for evaluating building impacts across the stages of pre-design, design, construction, occupancy (including reuse and retrofits) and end-of-life, and allows for the quantified evaluation of strategies to reduce environmental impact.
Theme 2: Integration of LCA and life-cycle thinking into management systems
Life cycle management integrates aspects of LCA and life-cycle thinking into management systems to allow for more-informed environmental or sustainability decisions. This emerging field allows for companies to utilise, often complex, LCA studies to achieve ongoing environmental improvement.
Theme 3: Water and energy systems
Increasing demand for energy and water resources has driven the need for new technology in water (e.g. desalination) and energy (e.g. fuel cells and biofuels) systems. LCA is utilised to asses and evaluate the environmental performance of these systems, to ensure that sound environmental decisions are made and opportunities for improvement are identified.